Category Archives: Research Support

APA citation style – some examples

Here we share some examples of APA Style (6th ed.) references for Book, Chapter in a book, Journal article, Article in newspaper / magazine, Blog entry, Audio podcast, Video weblog, Wikipedia article, and Social media page.

APA (6th ed.) Reference List & corresponding in-text citation

*Original source of these examples is from NTU Library blog.

BOOK – Basic format
Citation element:
Author, A. A. (year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Synder, C. H. (2003). The extraordinary chemistry of ordinary things (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
In-text citation: (Synder, 2003).

Heath, C., & Heath, D. (2010). Switch : How to change things when change is hard. New York: Broadway Books.
In-text citation: (Heath & Heath, 2010).

Citation element:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

Fenwick, P. (2000). Current methods of investigation in neuroscience. In M. Velmans (Ed.), Investigating phenomenal consciousness (19-32). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
In-text citation: (Fenwick, 2000).

JOURNAL ARTICLE – Basic format
Citation element:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B. & Author, C. C. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number(issue number), pages.

Swartling, D. J., & Morgan, C. (1998). Lemon cells revisited – the lemon powered calculator. Journal of Chemical Education, 75(2), 181-182.
In-text citation: (Swartling & Morgan, 1998).

**More than 7 authors
If the article has more than seven authors, list the names of the first six authors followed by … and then the last author’s name in the reference entry
Yonkers, K. A., Ramin, S. M., Rush, A. J., Navarrete, C. A., Carmody, T., March, D., . . . Leveno, K. J. (2001). Onset and persistence of postpartum depression in an inner-city maternal health clinic system. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(11), 1856-1863. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.158.11.1856
In-text citation: (Yonkers et al., 2001, p. 1859)


Ee, S. (2014, January 9). Small car COE category sees premium dip. The Business Times, pp. 2.
In-text citation: (Ee, 2014).


Cobb, C. E. (1993, June). Bangladesh : When the water comes. National Geographic, 118-134.
In-text citation: (Cobb, 1993).


Tao, T. [Terence]. (2010, April 21). Write in your own voice [Blog post]. Retrieved January 23, 2014 from
In-text citation: (Tao, 2010).


BBC. (2013, Dec 9). Discovery : Self-healing materials. BBC World Service Discovery. Podcast retrieved from
In-text citation : (BBC, 2013).


ScienceOnline. (2006, November 24). Create a lemon battery [Video file]. Video posted to
In-text citation : (ScienceOnline, 2006).


Lemon battery. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved January 24, 2014 from
In-text citation : (“Lemon battery,” n.d.).


Day, F. [Felicia]. [ca. 2013]. Posts [Google+ page]. Retrieved January 23, 2013 from
In-text citation: (Day, 2013).

Original source:

(2016, August 23). APA citation style – some examples [Blog post]. Retrieved January 19, 2018 from

Other references:


Research Talk: research best practices

Copy of UniKL Research Talk- (1).jpg

Access Dunia Sdn. Bhd. in collaboration with Tunku Azizah Knowledge Centre (TAKC) is organizing a free research talk for UniKL researchers.

Details of the event will be as per follows:-
Date: 30 November (Wednesday)
Time: 10.00am – 12.00pmVenue: Library Meeting Room 1406, Level 14, Chancellery

Dr. Wong, Woei Fuh
Consultant, iGroup/General Manager of Consulting, Innovative Education Services

Topics covered:

  • How to get cited in Scopus or Web of Science

  • How to collaborate and improve visibility

The talk is open to UniKL Postgraduate Students and Researchers.

Seats are limited to 30 pax only.

Book your reservation now at:

Some tips for better searching in Online Database

Discovery is at the heart of what you do. Whether you’re a student, a teacher or a researcher, you’re driven to discover information that you don’t yet know about in order to move to the next phase of your work: complete an assignment, update a course syllabus, refine your research direction or add to your paper’s bibliography.

Discovering publications is one of the reasons why you use ScienceDirect. To get to discovery, we want you to have a successful search experience. To help you along, here are our top tips for a better search query on ScienceDirect.

Find it here on the ScienceDirect database:-



Read more…

Happy searching!!!

Top 7 online tools that provide journal recommendation to researchers

Here are useful online resources that provide journal suggestions or recommendation to researchers.

1. Elsevier Journal Finder
Elsevier® Journal Finder helps you find journals that could be best suited for publishing your scientific article. Powered by the Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™, Elsevier Journal Finder uses smart search technology and field-of-research specific vocabularies to match your article to Elsevier journals.

2. IEEE Publication Recommender
Search 170+ periodicals and 1500+ conferences. Compare critical points such as Impact Factor and Submission-To-Publication Time. Get all the key data about IEEE publications at a glance.

3. Springer Journal Suggester
Search over 2,500 journals (Springer and BioMed Central) to find the most suitable journal for your manuscript. Easily compare relevant journals to find the best place for publication.

4. Edanz Journal Selector
Edanz is a Hong Kong-based company that provides fee-based services to authors such as copyediting and letter writing. One of its services is a journal finder, at the moment this service is currently free on their website. Among other services described here, this one appears to have the broadest coverage.

5. Journal Article Name Estimator (JANE)
This service originates in the Netherlands. It is limited to journals included in Medline, a database published by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Thus, it’s limited to biomedical sciences journals. This one offers an alternative search method to entering your article’s title and abstract — you can enter keywords in a simple search box.

6. Cofactor Journal Selector
This service originates in the UK. Established for two years and has over 50 freelance editors. This one offers an options menu to find journals that match your requirements.

7. Journal Guide
JournalGuide is a free tool created by a group of software developers, former researchers, and scholarly publishing veterans at Research Square. A growing journal database across all academic fields that search, filter, sort and compare journals from more than 46,000 titles.

After all, the best way to become familiar with the top journals in your field is to:

  1. Read may articles in your area of study and take note of where the best ones are published.
  2. Consult with senior colleagues in your department.
  3. Consult with an academic librarian.

Original source:
Need help finding a good journal for your next paper? try these resources

Related post:
Choosing the right journal for your research

Infographic: 5 Tips to Improve the SEO for Your Article

Original post by: Helen Eassom (Author Marketing)

Did you know that more than 50% of traffic to Wiley Online Library comes directly from Google, Google Scholar, and other search engines? You can play a key role in optimizing the search results for your article, helping others to find, read, and ultimately cite your work. We’ve put together this infographic which summarizes five top tips for increasing your article’s search engine discoverability.


Infographic: 5 Tips to Improve the SEO for Your Article

Related post:
How to promote your work using off-page SEO (Search Engine Optimization)
Search Engine Optimization and Your Journal Article: Do you want the bad news first?

Journal Metrics in Scopus: SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

What is SJR?











As stated in the card, SJR weights citations based on the source they come from.The subject field, quality and reputation of the journal have a direct effect on the value of a citation. SJR also normalizes for differences in citation behavior between subject fields. Further, SJR is calculated by SCImago Lab and developed from Scopus data.

SCImago is a research group from the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), University of Granada, Extremadura, Carlos III (Madrid) and Alcalá de Henares, dedicated to information analysis, representation and retrieval by means of visualization techniques.

How can you access and use SJR in Scopus?

try it in Scopus button

In Scopus there are 4 main places to find a title’s SJR calculation (click on images to enlarge):

  1. The <Browse Sources> page

Scopus 1.jpg

Scopus 2

2. The Journal Homepage

Scopus 3

3. From the <Source> tab when using the <Analyze search results> feature, and

Scopus 4.jpg

  1. The <Compare journals> tool

Let’s look more closely at the <Compare journals> tool (click here to watch the quick video clip). This tool allows you to gain a more complete analysis of the journal landscape. You can select up to 10 journals to upload into graphs for comparative analysis; and then compare the titles using a variety of metrics, including SJR. For example, if you are trying to identify the best and most prestigious journal to publish in, this tool offers helpful insights by allowing you to compare SJR calculations and trends for a set of journals at one time.

To further illustrate how this works, let’s say you are looking for journals relating to Lung Cancer. Go to and:

  1. Click on <Compare journals>
  2. Search for “Lung Cancer” in the search box
  3. Select the journal titles you want to compare
  4. As you make your selections, the graphs will populate

From here, you can see the SJR values for your selected titles over time and compare the titles against each other. This graph can help answer questions like: ‘Is there a journal that seems to be on the rise?’ or ‘Is the journal with the highest value trending upward, maintaining or seem to be declining?’ The graphs give you a bit more visual insight into the measurements over time compared to a table or a singular value.  You can even zoom in to look at a smaller window of time. NOTE: you can also compare the titles based on other metric values, such as SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper) and IPP (Impact per Publication), which will be discussed in future posts.

Where can you find SJR values outside of the Scopus platform?

SJR is a publicly available metric and can also be attained outside of the Scopus platform. Here’s how you can access SJR values from outside of

  1. Download the Scopus Source List and find the SJR values from 2013 to 2015 listed in columns I, L and O
  2. Go to search the entire collection of journals covered by Scopus, along with their SJR, SNIP and IPP metrics going back to 1999.
  3. SCImago site:

Article source:
Journal Metrics in Scopus: SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

Combating Student Plagiarism

Student plagiarism is an increasing problem in universities and colleges of advanced education with the rise in web‐based information. While plagiarism among university students has always existed, the ease and anonymity of the internet makes it simple to copy the work of others and to pass it off as your own. Despite the threat of plagiarism detection software students persist in copying information without acknowledging its source in the mistaken belief that anything on the internet is copyright free.


Librarian is also responsible for preventing the plagiarism issue among students in higher educational institution by helping the university to develop plagiarism policies. Thus, conducting workshop and training on anti-plagiarism in collaboration with faculties/research centre could be done by library as efforts for plagiarism prevention. Students are encourage to attend the class or workshop conducted by library since it’s important for them to get awareness on the plagiarism issue and therefore, could provide better academic tasks.

Additional reference for plagiarism among students for your further  reading :

Owens, Caleb and White, Fiona A. (2013). A 5-year systematic strategy to reduce plagiarism among first-year psychology university students. Australian Journal of Psychology, 65, 14-21. Retrieved from WILEY, DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12005

Ford, P. J. and Hughes, C. (2011). Academic integrity and plagiarism: perceptions and experience of staff and students in a school of dentistry: A situational analysis of staff and student perspectives. European Journal of Dental Education, 16, 180-186. Retrieved from WILEY.

Vasconcelos, Sonia, et al. (2009). Discussing plagiarism in Latin American science. EMBO reports, 10(7), 1677-682.  Retrieved from WILEY.

Hu, Guangwei and Lei, Jun. (2011). Investigating Chinese University Students’ Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Plagiarism from an Integrated Perspective. Language Learning, 62(3), 813-850. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9922.2011.00650.x

Evering, Lea Calvert and Moorman, Gary. (2012). Rethinking Plagiarism in the Digital Age. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 56(1), 35-44. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1002/JAAL.00100

Samuels, Linda B. and Bast, Carol M. (2006). Strategies to Help Legal Studies Students Avoid Plagiarism. Journal of Legal Studies Education, 23(2), 151-167. Retrieved from WILEY.

Using Structural Information and Citation Evidence to Detect Significant Plagiarism Cases in Scientific Publications. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2), 286-312. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1002/asi.21651

Rolfe, Vivien. (2011). Can Turnitin be used to provide instant formative feedback? British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(4), 701-710. _ Retrieved from DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2010.01091.x10c

Siti Balqis


7 April Workshop Teaser: IEEE Xplore – Essential notes & how to get published with the IEEE

IEEE Session Teaser (7 Apr)

Poster IEEE 7 April

Objective: Participants will be discussed based on the essential learning notes, such as:

  1. Part 1:
    1. Introduction to IEEE & IEEE Xplore – a resource digital library
    2. Writing for a journal or conference proceedings – the difference
    3. The format of an IEEE paper
    4. Ethics in writing
    5. Understanding journals site
    6. Finding a conference’s call for paper
    7. Using the Journal recommendation tool
    8. Understanding & use the functionalities of IEEE Xplore via creating a personal account & access full text
    9. Search Strategies to advanced searching to aid your academic studies
    10. Discover & browsing related articles to support your research activities. Browsing the collections in the platform

Time: 90 mins.

Participants: Participants who are interested to publish on IEEE Xplore (as a journal paper, magazine article or conference proceedings)

Trainer: Hazman Aziz – Client Services Manager, IEEE

About the trainer: Hazman is a trained librarian, who has published several articles, including at an IEEE Conference. His paper can be access via IEEE Xplore as one of the conference proceedings. Hazman’s research interested is in outreach scholarly communication, where he reads on the societal impact of a researcher at the article level metrics. He shares his knowledge in leveraging and harnessing the IEEE Xplore to aid and out research activities.

Upcoming event: 7 April – UniKL Seminar on Academic Publication

UniKL Seminar on Academic Publication

Date: 7 April 2016 (Thur)
Time: 8.30am – 5.30pm
Venue: UniKL Convention Room, Level 23
No. of participants: 50 pax ONLY (Register before 4 Apr)

Poster 7 April.png

Highlighted topics:

Session 1: Visibility of Local Scholarly Publication

  • Scholarly Publication
  • Visibility of Local Scholarly Publication
  • Getting Indexed
  • Roles of Malaysian Citation Centre
  • Products of Malaysian Citation Centre
  • Criteria for Quality Journal Publication.

Session 2: How to get Published with Wiley

  • Wiley Author Resources Site
  • Wiley Editing Services
  • The format of an Wiley paper
  • Ethics Guidelines

Session 3: How to get Published with IEEE


  • Introduction to IEEE & IEEE Xplore – a resource digital library
  • Writing for a journal or conference proceedings – the difference
  • The format of an IEEE paper
  • Ethics in writing
  • Understanding journals site
  • Finding a conference’s call for paper
  • Using the Journal recommendation tool
  • Understanding & use the functionalities of IEEE Xplore via creating a personal account & access full text
  • Search Strategies to advanced searching to aid your academic studies
  • Discover & browsing related articles to support your research activities. Browsing the collections in the platform


10 Types of Plagiarism in Research

10 type plagiarism

  1. SECONDARY SOURCES (Inaccurate citation)

Secondary Source Plagiarism happens when a researcher uses a secondary source like a meta study but only cites the primary sources contained within the secondary one. Secondary source plagiarism not only fails to attribute the work of the authors of the secondary sources but also provides a false sense of the amount of review that went into the research.

  1. INVALID SOURCES (Misleading citation, Fabrication, Falsification)

Invalid Source Attribution occurs when researchers reference either an incorrect or nonexistent source. Though this may be the result of sloppy research rather than intent to deceive, it can also be an attempt to increase the list of references and hide inadequate research.

  1. DUPLICATION (Self-plagiarism, Reuse)

Duplication happens when a researcher reuses work from their own previous studies and papers without attribution. The ethics of duplication is highly debated and often depends upon the content copied.

  1. PARAPHRASING (Plagiarism, Intellectual theft)

Paraphrasing is taking another person’s writing and changing the words, making it appears that an idea or even a piece of research is original when, in truth, it came from an uncited outside source. Paraphrasing ranges from simple rephrasing to completely rewriting content while maintaining the original idea or concept.

  1. REPETITIVE RESEARCH (Self-plagiarism, Reuse)

Repetitive Research Plagiarism is the repeating of data or text from a similar study with a similar methodology in a new study without proper attribution. This often happens when studies on a related topic are repeated with similar result but the earlier research is not cited properly.

  1. REPLICATION (Author Submission Violation)

Replication is the submission of a paper to multiple publications, resulting in the same manuscript being published more than once. This can be an ethical infraction, particularly when a researcher claims that a paper is new when it has been published elsewhere.

  1. MISLEADING ATTRIBUTION(Inaccurate Authorship)

Misleading Attribution is an inaccurate or insufficient list of authors who contributed to a manuscript. This happen when authors are denied credit for partial or significant contributions made to a study, or the opposite-when authors are cited in a paper although no contributions were made.

  1. UNETHICAL COLLABORATION (Inaccurate Authorship)

Unethical Collaboration happens when people who are working together violate a code of conduct. Using written work, outcomes and ideas that are the result of collaboration, without citing the collaborative nature of the study and participants involved, is unethical. Using others’ work without proper attribution is plagiarism.

  1. VERBATIM PLAGIARISM (Copy-and-Paste. Intellectual Theft)

Verbatim Plagiarism is the copying of another’s words and works without providing proper attribution, indentation or quotation marks. This can take two forms. First, plagiarists may cite the source they borrowed from, but no indicate that it’s a direct quote. In the second, no attribution at all is provided, essentially claiming the words of someone else to be their own.

  1. COMPLETE PLAGIARISM (Intellectual Theft, Stealing)

Complete plagiarism is an extreme scenario when a researcher takes a study, a manuscript or other work from another researcher and simply resubmits it under his/her own name

Source from:
Eassom, H. (2013). 10 types of plagiarism in research. Retrieved from